Table 7.

Regression Analysis of Ordered Multinomial PainCQ© Scores by Preintervention and Postintervention Group (n=594)

Survey/Comparison GroupsOdds Ratioa (95% CI)
PainCQ-Interdisciplinary© survey
 Group 2 Postinterventionb vs Group 1 Preinterventionc1.04 (0.73-1.47)
 Group 3 Postinterventiond vs Group 1 Preinterventionc2.61 (1.54-4.42)
 Group 3 Postinterventiond vs Group 2 Postinterventionb2.52 (1.57-4.03)
PainCQ-Nursing© survey
 Group 2 Postinterventionb vs Group 1 Preinterventionc0.99 (0.70-1.42)
 Group 3 Postinterventiond vs Group 1 Preinterventionc3.82 (2.06-7.09)
 Group 3 Postinterventiond vs Group 2 Postinterventionb3.84 (2.17-6.80)
  • aOdds ratios represent odds of a higher score on the PainCQ© scale.

  • bGroup 2 Postintervention (0-5 bundle components).

  • cGroup 1 Preintervention (no bundle).

  • dGroup 3 Postintervention (6 bundle components).

  • CI, confidence interval; PainCQ©, pain care quality.